Peppers can be used ripe, unripe, fresh and dried. A ripe pepper is 3 times as hot as an unripe pepper.
Make sure the temperature stays above 18 degrees. At lower temperatures, the growth of pepper plants stops. It is therefore preferable to grow indoors, in a greenhouse or in a sunny sheltered place.
Buy pepper seeds online
Looking for pepper seeds to sow in your greenhouse or conservatory? You have come to the right place at Tuinzaden.eu. We have a wide range of pepper seeds from different seed breeders.
Grow your own hot peppers?
Fresh chillies on hand are always useful for Oriental dishes and taste better than dried pepper. Home-grown pepper plants are also much stronger than the plants at the garden centers. By growing peppers from seed, the choice of the different pepper varieties is also unprecedented.
Growing your own pepper seeds is of course also fun and gives guaranteed results. If you sow the pepper seeds in the right way and give the pepper plant a good location, you can enjoy fresh hot peppers almost all year round. For example, hot peppers are used in many Asian and Mexican dishes and curries.
Popular pepper varieties
Various types of hot pepper are very popular. Consider, for example:
- Spanish Cayenne peppers
- Jalapeno peppers
- Padrón peppers
- Habanero peppers
- Bhut Jolokia peppers
Make sure the temperature stays above 18 degrees. At lower temperatures, the growth of pepper plants stops. It is therefore preferable to grow indoors, in a greenhouse or in a sunny sheltered place. If you still want to grow peppers outside in the vegetable garden, do not put the plants outside in a sunny and sheltered place until the summer.
Sowing instructions and cultivation method of pepper seeds
Below you will find a list of the most frequently asked questions with answers about sowing and growing pepper seeds yourself. Before sowing your seeds, always read the enclosed sowing instructions on the packaging for your specific type of pepper.
How can I sow pepper seeds?
It is best to pre-sow pepper seeds indoors in a propagator from January. Before sowing, soak the pepper seeds in warm water for about 12 hours. Do not sow the seeds too close together and cover them lightly with a little sowing soil. Make the soil sufficiently moist with a plant sprayer. Use a growing container with a lid to prevent the soil from drying out. It is even best to use a heated growing tray because pepper seeds only germinate at a temperature of 20-25 ° C. Place the propagator in a warm, light location and keep the soil slightly moist.
After about 1-3 weeks the pepper seeds will sprout. As soon as the first pepper leaves appear, you can remove the lid. When the seedlings have about 2 real pepper leaves (not the germ leaves) you can transplant the seedlings into separate pots. Pepper plants like a warm sunny and sheltered place, preferably in a greenhouse, conservatory or indoors.
Maintain a mutual planting distance of approximately 30-45 cm. Different types of pepper can cross very easily. It is therefore important to keep different types of pepper plants separate so that no cross-pollination can take place. About 3-4 months after sowing, you can harvest the first hot peppers by simply cutting them off.
When to sow pepper seeds?
Sowing peppers indoors
Pepper seeds can be sown indoors in a propagator from February to April. Preferably use a heated growing tray with a lid so that the temperature remains well above 18 ° C and the soil remains sufficiently moist. The soil temperature must be around 25-30 ° C for germination.
Sow peppers outdoors
If you want to transplant the pepper plants outside, start sowing in April. Use a culture tray with a lid for an even temperature and so that the humidity is maintained. By mid-May the danger of night frost has passed and you can plant the pepper plants in pots or in the garden.
Do I need to pre-soak pepper seeds?
It is best to soak pepper seeds in warm water for 12 hours before sowing. This way the seeds germinate faster.
When do pepper seeds germinate?
Pepper seeds germinate in about 10 to 21 days, depending on the temperature.
What is the best germination temperature for pepper seeds?
Pepper seeds germinate at a soil temperature of 25-30 ° C.
How deep should I sow pepper seeds?
Sow the pepper seeds on the potting soil and gently press it against the soil. Cover the seeds lightly with sowing soil, up to half a centimeter.
What is the planting distance for pepper plants?
Maintain a mutual planting distance of approximately 30-45 cm. Different types of pepper can cross very easily. It is therefore important to keep different types of pepper plants separate so that no cross-pollination can take place.
What is the best location for pepper plants?
Pepper plants like a warm, sunny and sheltered place. Preferably in a greenhouse, conservatory or warm place indoors.
When can I harvest peppers?
You can harvest the first peppers about 3-4 months after sowing.
How do I take care of pepper plants?
Place pepper plants in a sunny but sheltered spot. Do not let the soil dry out.
What is the best soil and / or soil type for pepper plants?
Use normal, normal, well-draining potting soil, possibly mixed with 1/4 part sharp sand.
What kind of pots do I use for pepper plants?
Use spacious pots of about 15 liters. Place three plants in the pot at the same distance from each other and as close to the pot edge as possible. In this way you make optimal use of the space.
What kind of recipes can you use hot peppers in?
The pepper leaves are of course often used in Italian cuisine. Think of pastas, sauces, as a garnish and of course for making pesto. The Thai kitchen also makes extensive use of the Thai Siam pepper.
What are good neighbors and bad neighbors from pepper plants? Which plants can be combined with pepper plants? Combination cultivation of pepper?
Some combinations of plants can reinforce and stimulate each other. Other combinations of plants weaken each other or negatively influence each other. In order to optimally utilize the advantages of this so-called combination crop (good neighbors), it is best to sow in rows. For example, alternately grow two mutually reinforcing crops in each row. It is even better to combine tall and low plants, for example, smart combinations yield better growth, yield and taste.
Pepper plants are positively influenced by planting basil, oregano, geraniums, marigolds, zinnias, allium (onions, leeks, chives), okra and aubergines next to them.
It is better not to sow pepper plants next to strawberries and cabbage, these are bad neighbors.