Cucumber is one of the most popular vegetables to sow yourself. With a number of plants you can supply the entire neighborhood with cucumbers.
Many new cucumber varieties are self-pollinating, which makes growing cucumbers much easier. Self-pollinating F1 varieties ensure a very high yield of cucumbers.
Very popular are also the mini cucumbers or snack cucumbers. These small cucumbers of 10-15 cm are delicious as a healthy snack in between or to use in salads.
Buy cucumber seeds online
Looking for cucumber seeds to sow in your vegetable garden, greenhouse or conservatory? At Tuinzaden.eu you have come to the right place, we have a wide range of seeds from different seed breeders. Not only the standard long straight green cucumber from the supermarket, but also round, yellow, white and mini snack cucumbers. Take a quick look in our webshop and buy your cucumber seeds today!
Grow your own cucumber?
Cucumber is one of the most popular vegetables to sow yourself. By growing cucumber from seed, the choice from the different cucumber varieties is very large. Growing cucumber seeds yourself is not difficult and a lot of fun. If the cucumber plant has a good location and sufficient nutrients, you can enjoy countless fresh cucumbers after 3-4 months.
Popular cucumber varieties
Cucumbers come in many more shapes, sizes and colors than the well-known elongated dark green cucumber in the supermarket. The most popular cucumber varieties are:
- Johanna - elongated dark green cucumber
- Iznik - green mini snack cucumber, self-pollinating
- Euphoria - fast growing, productive cucumber variety
- White wonder - white cucumber
- Cucamelon or mouse melon - mini cucumber in melon shape
- Lemon Apple - round yellow cucumber
Use a parthenocarp self-pollinating cucumber variety that does not require pollination. Growing parthenocarp F1 varieties is much easier and ensures a very high yield of seedless cucumbers.
Sowing guide cucumber seeds
How do I sow cucumber seeds? Cucumber cultivation method?
Cucumber seeds are best sown indoors from March onwards. Cucumber seedlings are somewhat more difficult to transplant because of the roots, so sow each seed in a separate pot immediately. Press the cucumber seeds on their side about 1-2 cm deep into the sowing soil. Sowing the oval seeds on their sides makes them much easier to germinate and less likely to rot. Then place the pots in a warm, light spot and keep the soil slightly moist. It is even easier to place the pots in a propagation greenhouse, as the germination temperature of cucumber seeds is 22-25 ° C.
Once the seeds have germinated, you can store the seedlings in a cooler place. Start hardening off the cucumber plants in May by placing them outside in a sunny sheltered place for 2 weeks during the day. As soon as the chance of night frost has passed, you can plant the plants in open ground. Maintain a mutual planting distance of 50-75 cm and provide sufficient support for the plants.
Water regularly, especially on hot days, and add extra fertilizer if necessary. You can harvest the first cucumbers after about 3-4 months. Pick the cucumbers regularly to stimulate the growth of new cucumbers, so you can enjoy the plants for longer.
Frequently asked questions about cucumber seeds
Below you will find a list of the most frequently asked questions with answers about sowing and growing cucumber seeds yourself. Before sowing your seeds, always read the enclosed sowing instructions on the packaging for your specific cucumber variety
When to sow cucumber seeds?
Sow cucumbers indoors
Cucumber seeds can be pre-sown indoors in pots from March to May. Press the cucumber seeds on their sides about 1-2 cm deep into the sowing soil.
Sow cucumbers outside
If you want to sow the cucumber plants directly outside in the ground, do not start sowing until mid-May.
When do cucumber seeds germinate?
Cucumber seeds germinate after about 1-2 weeks, depending on the temperature.
What is the best germination temperature for cucumber seeds?
Cucumber seeds germinate at a soil temperature of 22-25 ° C.
How deep should I sow cucumber seeds?
Sow the cucumber seeds on their sides about 1-2 cm deep. Sowing the oval seeds on their sides makes them much easier to germinate and less likely to rot.
When can I transplant the cucumber seedlings?
Cucumber seedlings are somewhat more difficult to transplant because of the roots, so it is better to sow each seed in a separate pot immediately. If you are sowing the seeds outdoors in the ground, sow 2-3 seeds per hole and thin out later by leaving the strongest seedling standing.
How can I harden off cucumber plants?
Start hardening off the cucumber plants in May by putting them outside in a sunny sheltered place for 2 weeks during the day.
What is the planting distance for cucumber plants?
Maintain a mutual planting distance of 50-75 cm. Plant several cucumber plants together so that they can pollinate each other.
Can I plant several cucumber plants next to each other?
Different cucumber varieties can easily cross with each other. It is therefore important to keep different types of cucumber plants separate so that no cross-pollination can take place. Do not sow different cucumber varieties in the same greenhouse.
Why is a self-pollinating cucumber variety easier to grow?
Actually these cucumbers are not self-pollinating but parthenocarp. Parthenocarpic cucumbers do not require pollination and only have female flowers. The fruits of the cucumber develop themselves without pollination and are therefore also seedless. This makes growing, especially in greenhouses and greenhouses, a lot easier and increases productivity considerably.
What is a parthenocarpic (self-pollinating) cucumber?
Parthenocarp means that the cucumber variety develops cucumbers without fertilization and pollination. The term self-pollinating is actually incorrect, but it is still widely used. Parthenocarpic cucumbers have only feminine flowers from which the fruits develop. Parthenocarpic cucumbers are therefore also seedless. Parthenocarpic cucumber varieties significantly increase productivity and not having to pollinate is particularly easy for greenhouse cultivation.
What is the best location for cucumber plants?
Cucumber plants like a warm, sunny and sheltered place. Provide plenty of water on the soil on hot days.
How do I take care of cucumber plants?
Place cucumber plants in a warm, sunny but sheltered spot. Water regularly and do not let the soil dry out. If the soil is poor, you also need to add extra fertilizer.
What is the best soil and / or soil type for cucumber plants?
Use nutritious, well-draining potting soil. If necessary, fertilize during the growing season.
When can I harvest the cucumbers?
In July-August, about 3-4 months after sowing, you can harvest the first cucumbers. By picking the cucumbers regularly, you stimulate new fruit formation and you will enjoy the plants for longer.